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John William Waterhouse. (1849 - 1917). The Pre-Raphaelites.



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John William Waterhouse. (1849 - 1917). The Pre-Raphaelites.
John William Waterhouse is a Pre-Raphaelite British painter, famous for her tables of young women inspired of mythology, the religion and the literature. 
The Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood is a group of painters, poets and English critics of the 19th century who oppose the Victorian materialism and traditional conventions of academic art. 
Admirors of the Italian painter Raphaël, the Pre-Raphaelite ones seek near primitive Italian of new sources of inspiration and preach a return to nature. 
The brotherhood is founded in 1848 per the painter and poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti, as well as the painters John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt. The art critic Frederick George Stephens, the painter James Collinson as well as the sculptor and poet Thomas Woolner also form part of this brotherhood.
First of all the Middle Ages are essential like the base period. Works are marked by the truly human character of the models, by a great importance of the detail, the bright colors, which point out those of the fresco, and a rigorous composition. Then the Pre-Raphaelite ones engage in a phase naturalist. They paint in the open air and seek to represent the characteristic light suitable for nature.
John William Waterhouse is five years old when its family moves in London. His/her father teaches painting until to him it is allowed in Royal Academy in 1870. Its first works are of very traditional invoice, in the spirit of Lawrence Alma-Tadema and Frederic Leighton. 
Its topics of predilection quickly become Greek mythology and the romantic literature. The paintings refer to several Greek myths, especially with the Odyssey of Homère and the adventures of Ulysses. The navigator who cannot return in his country is a hero romantic and fantastic because in its epopee it crosses various supernatural beings, of the sirens, which are a topic that Waterhouse often approaches, and of the magicians like Circe. 
Waterhouse as Rossetti invents a idealized female image. The model is distinguished, dreamer and romantic. Ophélie heroin tragic and romantic of the tragedy of Shakespeare Hamlet is represented in 1889.1894 and 1910. 
Its most famous painting is The Lady of Shalott (1888), it acts of the portrait of an young woman who dies of sorrow because its love is not shared by Lancelot, according to the poetry of Alfred Tennyson. Waterhouse will compose three versions different from this topic, in 1888.1894, and 1916. John William Waterhouse is a Pre-Raphaelite painter among most popular, however many historians of art consider that it is closer to the Victorian romanticism. For others still it is a Pre-Raphaelite ex which evolved. Thus Pre-Raphaelite modern. He is worried much the female beauty and represents models which are icons of “ fatal womens” of an unreal beauty, cold, fixed, almost immaterial. They are often located in nature to feel or gather flowers. Sometimes also they are magicians occupied with their fantastic and occult activities. In fact Waterhouse often associates melancholy and theatricalness for example by representing the Greek philosopher alive Diogène in his barrel surrounded by beautiful young women. 
Waterhouse is fascinated by water and the reflections. The heroin of the storm of Shakespeare Miranda, topic expensive with Pre-Raphaelite, gives the opportunity to him to represent a fatal beauty meadows of the unchained sea. 
Contrary to other Pre-Raphaelite Waterhouse always remained faithful and attentive with the Academy. It takes part regularly in its living rooms. Works of Waterhouse are often compared with the work of another Pre-Raphaelite painter Edouard Burne-Jones. If Waterhouse can represent splendid young women in full nature he is also a large portraitist. (4 paintings.) 
In the middle of the years 1990 in an auction-room the table of Waterhouse Boréas (1903) reappears after a 90 years disparation. Boréas is the name of the wind of north in Greek mythology. Indeed the fabric represents an young girl taken by a whirling wind. 
The same Waterhouse year carries out the same effect in Windflowers (Flowers of the Wind), (1903). The Boréas fabric is allocated for 1,293,962 $. This sale creates sensation because it acts for the time of a record for a work of John William Waterhouse. Since, the wake up of Adonis (1899) was sold 2,340,000 $.